Our native forests

Since 1997, Greenfleet has planted over 9.4 million native trees creating more than 500 biodiverse forests in Australia, on behalf of thousands of individual and business supporters to sequester carbon emissions and protect our unique biodiversity. 

Greenfleet establishes self-sustaining, multi-species forests to absorb greenhouse gases from the atmosphere and restore natural ecosystems. 

We put back the mix of native species that would have been present in the local area prior to land clearing. By doing so, our forests also act as sanctuaries for native wildlife who can safely return to their natural habitat.

  • Browse the tabs below to learn more about our site selection, tree planting, and more
  • Use our interactive map to find out more about some of Greenfleet's revegetation projects

We are continuously seeking land for planting projects. Visit our Landowners section for more information if you would like Greenfleet forests planted on your property.

Where are the forests planted?

Photo of Greenfleet's forest on the Dangerbridge Farm, Qld - Taken in 2013Greenfleet works with private landholders, local and state governments to restore our unique landscapes by revegetating cleared land with biodiverse, native forests. To date we have planted over 500 native forests in every state and territory of Australia - except Tasmania and Northern Territory - and in New Zealand. We have restored forests on our own properties, farms, National Parks, private blocks, Councils' parks and reserves, etc.

Many of our projects were established to help connect parks and reserves to create wildlife corridors and preserve biodiversity. Although mostly located in rural regions, a number of our forests are also on the fringe of urban environments providing health and recreational values to the local communities.

Prior to planting, each site is inspected by our Forestry team. Soil conditions, landscape and climate are analysed to determine the suitability for a native revegetation project.

When a Greenfleet forest is planted on a site, the ownership of the land does not change hands, but we establish agreements with landholders to secure the forest on the land for up to 100 years.

We are continuously seeking land for planting projects. Visit our Landowners section for more information if you would like Greenfleet forests planted on your property.  

  • Click here to explore our interactive map and learn more about some of our native revegetation projects.


What trees does Greenfleet plant?

Close up photo of a Narrow Leaved Peppermint Fruit taken at Battery CreekGreenfleet establishes self-sustaining, multi-species forests. It means that as well as planting trees native to the local area, we also plant a mix of native trees to restore the native vegetation present prior to settlement and land clearing.

To date we have planted over 9.4 million native trees with a mix of over 400 different indigenous species.

Planting a biodiverse mix of native species is the only way to ensure that the resulting forest is ecologically sustainable.

Planting native forests has a number of extra environmental benefits:

  • Biological diversity is improved;
  • Habitat for native animals is increased and migratory routes extended;
  • Salinity can be reduced;
  • Water quality in the catchment can be improved;
  • Tree roots can bind the soil to reduce erosion.

Greenfleet works with local nursery who source the local seeds and grow the native seedlings for our revegetation projects.

How do the trees get planted? 

Greenfleet works with professional tree planting contractors to plant or seed our native trees. These experts have a thorough understanding of how to best plant the trees to ensure the success of a project.

Each project is individually designed to suit landscape, climate and soil conditions.

There are two common ways to establish forests: planting seedlings or direct seeding. Greenfleet uses both techniques depending on site and climate conditions.

   Planting seedlings

  • Seedlings are planted by people. A hole is manually dug, the seedling is placed inside and the air pockets are removed by gently packing the soil down.
  • Site preparation happens well in advance:  breaking up the soil (ripping) and spraying herbicide to remove weeds.
  • More standard establishment method on smaller sites and in areas of higher productivity.
  • Seedlings are usually stronger and more competitive against weeds. Nurseries grow seedlings to certain specifications. We look out for seedlings with a strong and healthy root system.
  • Better control of planting design. Seedlings are generally planted 3 metres apart, ensuring room for plants to grow.
  • Greater reliance on rain, but less dependence on other climatic and soil conditions.
  • More expensive and labour intensive, but generally ensures a safer result.
 Photo of healthy seedlings ready to be planted by Greenfleet at Cardinia Creek, Vic

   Direct Seeding

  • Seeds are sown directly into ground.
  • Machine does everything in one sweep: sprays herbicide (to combat weeds), scalps the soil, drops the seeds and covers them to the appropriate depth.
  • Not suitable on steep terrain or in excessively wet conditions – seeds can wash away and machinery access can be difficult. 
  • Not suited to high productivity areas. If a site is very productive for trees, it is also for weeds and the competition for light, nutrients and space slows germination and growth, and encourages poor form.  
    More random establishment and growth.
  • Seeds can remain dormant in the soil for a long time until more suitable conditions arise (soil moisture, temperature, light intensity, etc.) – very beneficial in times of drought.
  • Cheaper and quicker.
 Photo of the direct seeding at 'Avoca', GReenfleet's property in Aug 2013


When are the trees planted?

Greenfleet carefully identifies the best planting time for each project based on weather and soil conditions.

In Victoria for instance, most plantings occur between June and September, when the rain softens the soil and gives our trees the best chance to take root and thrive. In Queensland however, most plantings occur in summer during the wet season.


What monitoring does Greenfleet do?

Photo of a Striated Pardalote in the 8 y.o. Greenfleet Forest in Baxters Wetland Reserve, Vic - Photo taken February 2014

Greenfleet implements a monitoring schedule for each of our sites with time frames determined by the initial planting method (direct seed or seedling). This monitoring program involves inspecting the trees for survival in the early years and then measuring the growth rates as they age.

As it grows to maturity the forest naturally 'thins', meaning that not all trees survive. Greenfleet makes allowance for the natural 'thinning' process at the time of initial planting. Furthermore, as the trees mature they drop seed and some natural regeneration also occurs allowing for new trees to take root and establish, naturally.

We ensure that we meet our commitment to offset greenhouse gas emissions by planting sufficient trees to establish a self-sustaining forest. Greenfleet's commitment to recapture carbon on behalf of our supporters involves the management of the carbon across all of our planting sites. Some sites and species grow faster and capture carbon faster than others, but the entire forest pool is forecast to meet the carbon commitments to our supporters.

During monitoring inspections, Greenfleet Foresters also look for evidence of wildlife activity within the forests. The return of birds, insects and native mammals are signs of healthy forests restoring the ecosystems to its natural shape.


 What happens if there is a catastrophic event?

Greenfleet plants its forests across many different locations as an intentional measure to reduce the risk of relatively localised events significantly affecting our overall carbon stocks.

However, in the event of a catastrophic event (such as flood or fire), if financial resources allow we will take action to accelerate the recovery of the carbon.


Greenfleet & Biodiversity

Picture of a Marbled Xenica Butterfly in a Greenfleet ForestGreenfleet plant multi-species, native forests across Australia. Through our native revegetation program to offset carbon emissions, Greenfleet protects and enhances biodiversity. Biodiversity conservation is a by-product of our main role - offsetting emissions.

Across our forests Greenfleet has planted over 400 different species, each locally native to the areas where the trees are planted. It is this rich diversity that make Greenfleet's carbon offset program the most environmentally responsible solution to offset emissions.

All our planting projects take into consideration the biodiversity values of the area. We aim to protect and enhance Australia's unique flora and fauna heritage through our native, species-rich forests.

Visit the page 'Greenfleet & Biodiversity' to learn more about biodiversity, why it is so important and find out more about how our work is making a difference to protect Australia's unique biodiversity.

Greenfleet's native forests are natural carbon sinks.

Greenfleet's mission is about removing carbon and restoring forests.Greenfleet's native forests sequester carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, while also restoring habitat and biodiversity. Through photosynthesis, the carbon dioxide is converted into oxygen by the forests.

Forests are natural carbon sinks and a tangible way to tackle climate change. Our native reforestation projects are funding by individuals and organisations who offset their carbon emissions with Greenfleet.

Greenfleet currently uses the Full Carbon Accounting Model (FullCAM) issued by the Australian Department of the Environment to model the carbon uptake of our forest at each planting site.


Mosaic of photos taken in Greenfleet's native forests


9.4+ million native trees planted

500+ biodiverse forests planted across Australia

3.4+ million tonnes of carbon offsets committed

Our forests provide essential habitat for native wildlife

Our forests improve water quality in river and streams

Our forests reduce salinity and erosion

Our forests provide windbreaks and shelter for crops and livestock